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426-GHz Concurrent Transceiver Pixel in 65-nm CMOS for Active Imaging

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Zhu, Yukun; Byreddy, Pranith Reddy; Kenneth, K. O.; Choi, Wooyeol

Issue Date
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, Vol.12 No.5, pp.446-456
This article demonstrates a 426-GHz concurrent transceiver imaging pixel in 65-nm CMOS that can be scaled to form a two-dimensional focal plane array. The pixel integrates a transmitter, a coherent receiver using a star-type triple-push oscillator, and an on-chip patch antenna into an area of 380x470 mu m(2). The pixel achieves a sensitivity of -89.6 dBm for a 1-kHz bandwidth with the third order subharmonic self-oscillating mixing in RX mode. This sensitivity is the lowest for imagers operating above 300 GHz. In TX mode, the pixel radiates -17.9 dBm. The pixel consumes 52 mW of dc power. If a 6-cm diameter Cassegrain reflector with a simulated gain of 47-dB gain is used, a link margin of 5.3 dB is expected for reflection-mode imaging of an object with a radar cross-section of similar to 0.6 cm(2) at a range of 1 m.
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  • College of Engineering
  • Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Research Area High Frequency Microelectronics, Microwave engineering, Radio Frequency Integrated Circuit, 초고주파 공학, 초고주파 시스템, 초고주파 집적회로


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