Detailed Information

Gain and loss of function variants in EZH1 disrupt neurogenesis and cause dominant and recessive neurodevelopmental disorders

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 1 time in Scopus

Gracia-Diaz, Carolina; Zhou, Yijing; Yang, Qian; Maroofian, Reza; Espana-Bonilla, Paula; Lee, Chul-Hwan; Zhang, Shuo; Padilla, Natalia; Fueyo, Raquel; Waxman, Elisa; Lei, Sunyimeng; Otrimski, Garrett; Li, Dong; Sheppard, Sarah; Mark, Paul; Harr, Margaret; Hakonarson, Hakon; Rodan, Lance; Jackson, Adam; Vasudevan, Pradeep; Powel, Corrina; Mohammed, Shehla; Maddirevula, Sateesh; Alzaidan, Hamad; Faqeih, Eissa; Efthymiou, Stephanie; Turchetti, Valentina; Rahman, Fatima; Maqbool, Shazia; Salpietro, Vincenzo; Ibrahim, Shahnaz; di Rosa, Gabriella; Houlden, Henry; Alharbi, Maha Nasser; Al-Sannaa, Nouriya Abbas; Bauer, Peter; Zifarelli, Giovanni; Estaras, Conchi; Hurst, Anna C. E.; Thompson, Michelle; Chassevent, Anna; Smith-Hicks, Constance; de la Cruz, Xavier; Holtz, Alexander; Elloumi, Houda Zghal; Hajianpour, M. J. L.; Rieubland, Claudine A.; Braun, Dominique; Banka, Siddharth; Genomic England Res Consortium, M. J.; French, Deborah L. S.; Heller, Elizabeth B.; Saade, Murielle; Song, Hongjun J.; Ming, Guo-li A.; Alkuraya, Fowzan; Agrawal, Pankaj B.; Reinberg, Danny; Bhoj, Elizabeth J.; Martinez-Balbas, Marian; Akizu, Naiara

Issue Date
Nature Publishing Group
Nature Communications, Vol.14 No.1, p. 4109
Genetic variants in chromatin regulators are frequently found in neurodevelopmental disorders, but their effect in disease etiology is rarely determined. Here, we uncover and functionally define pathogenic variants in the chromatin modifier EZH1 as the cause of dominant and recessive neurodevelopmental disorders in 19 individuals. EZH1 encodes one of the two alternative histone H3 lysine 27 methyltransferases of the PRC2 complex. Unlike the other PRC2 subunits, which are involved in cancers and developmental syndromes, the implication of EZH1 in human development and disease is largely unknown. Using cellular and biochemical studies, we demonstrate that recessive variants impair EZH1 expression causing loss of function effects, while dominant variants are missense mutations that affect evolutionarily conserved aminoacids, likely impacting EZH1 structure or function. Accordingly, we found increased methyltransferase activity leading to gain of function of two EZH1 missense variants. Furthermore, we show that EZH1 is necessary and sufficient for differentiation of neural progenitor cells in the developing chick embryo neural tube. Finally, using human pluripotent stem cell-derived neural cultures and forebrain organoids, we demonstrate that EZH1 variants perturb cortical neuron differentiation. Overall, our work reveals a critical role of EZH1 in neurogenesis regulation and provides molecular diagnosis for previously undefined neurodevelopmental disorders. An apparent redundant role with EZH2 has rendered EZH1 as a secondary player in PRC2-mediated homeostasis regulation. Here, the authors report that gain- and loss-of-function variants in EZH1 cause neurodevelopmental disorders, highlighting its functional relevance.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Appears in Collections:

Related Researcher

  • College of Medicine
Research Area Epigenetics, Heterochromatin, Histone Modifications


Item View & Download Count

  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.