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Genetic and functional interactions between Mus81-Mms4 and Rad27

Cited 22 time in Web of Science Cited 21 time in Scopus

Kang, Min-Jung; Lee, Chul-Hwan; Kang, Young-Hoon; Cho, Il-Taeg; Nguyen, Tuan Anh; Seo, Yeon-Soo

Issue Date
Oxford University Press
Nucleic Acids Research, Vol.38 No.21, pp.7611-7625
The two endonucleases, Rad27 (yeast Fen1) and Dna2, jointly participate in the processing of Okazaki fragments in yeasts. Mus81-Mms4 is a structure-specific endonuclease that can resolve stalled replication forks as well as toxic recombination intermediates. In this study, we show that Mus81-Mms4 can suppress dna2 mutational defects by virtue of its functional and physical interaction with Rad27. Mus81-Mms4 stimulated Rad27 activity significantly, accounting for its ability to restore the growth defects caused by the dna2 mutation. Interestingly, Rad27 stimulated the rate of Mus81-Mms4 catalyzed cleavage of various substrates, including regressed replication fork substrates. The ability of Rad27 to stimulate Mus81-Mms4 did not depend on the catalytic activity of Rad27, but required the C-terminal 64 amino acid fragment of Rad27. This indicates that the stimulation was mediated by a specific protein-protein interaction between the two proteins. Our in vitro data indicate that Mus81-Mms4 and Rad27 act together during DNA replication and resolve various structures that can impede normal DNA replication. This conclusion was further strengthened by the fact that rad27 mus81 or rad27 mms4 double mutants were synergistically lethal. We discuss the significance of the interactions between Rad27, Dna2 and Mus81-Mms4 in context of DNA replication. © 2010 The Author(s).
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