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Cellular invasion of Orientia tsutsugamushi requires initial interaction with cell surface heparan sulfate

Cited 17 time in Web of Science Cited 23 time in Scopus

Ihn, KS; Han, SH; Kim, HR; Huh, MS; Seong, SY; Kang, JS; Han, TH; Kim, IS; Choi, MS

Issue Date
Elsevier BV
Microbial Pathogenesis, Vol.28 No.4, pp.227-233
Role of transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycans on invasion of Orientia tsutsugamushi into host cells was investigated. Pretreatment with heparan sulfate and heparin inhibited the infection of O. tsutsugamushi for L cell, mouse fibroblast, whereas other glycosaminoglycans had little effect. These same treatments were also shown to reduce the infection in a dose-dependent manner, and enzymatic treatment of cells with heparitinase, but not chondroitinase ABC, inhibited the infection. In addition, mutant cell lines of Chinese hamster ovarian cell defective in heparan sulfate synthesis but not chondrotin sulfate synthesis and defective in all glycosaminoglycan synthesis showed marked reduction in susceptibility to infection by O. tsutsugamushi. Also mutant cell lines, which express heparan sulfate proteoglycans at low level, showed intermediate level of infectivity. Finally O. tsutsugamushi bind to S-35-labelled heparin. Collectively, these findings provide strong evidence that heparan sulfate proteoglycans contribute to the attachment of O. tsutsugamushi to the cells. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
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