S-Space Graduate School of International Studies (국제대학원) Dept. of International Studies (국제학과) 국제지역연구 국제지역연구 vol.11 (2002)
비교·지역연구에 있어서 최선의 연구전략: 변수중심연구전략인가 사례중심연구전략인가 : What is the Best Research Strategy in Comparative and Area Studies: Variable-oriented Strategy or Case-oriented Strategy
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 국제학연구소
- 국제지역연구, Vol.11 No.4, pp. 57-74
- Variable-oriented and case-oriented research strategy are well established in comparative and area studies. In variable-oriented strategy, the goal is to demonstrate that a correlation holds for a certain population. The weakness of variable-oriented strategy is its tendency toward excessive generalization. In case-oriented strategy, the goal is to interpret a common holistic outcome. The weakness of case-oriented strategy is its tendency toward particularizing.
A conceivable alternative strategy is to combine the two major strategies. A combined strategy is applying both strategies to a research puzzle. The logic of both research strategies essentially the same. That is, variable-oriented and case-oriented strategy share a scientific logic. Both variable-oriented and case-oriented strategy have characteristics to falsify initial hypotheses by empirical evidences. In combined strategy, variable-oriented strategy can be used to verify the causal significance of a condition varies by context or case-oriented strategy used to confirm a correlation which is inferred from a certain sample.