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Self-Efficacy Changes in Groups: Effects of Diversity, Leadership, and Group Climate

Cited 98 time in Web of Science Cited 105 time in Scopus
Authors
Choi, Jin Nam; Price, Richard H.; Vinokur, Amiram D.
Issue Date
2003-05-14
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 357-372
Abstract
Self-efficacy belief is a significant predictor of behavioral choices in terms of goal setting, the amount of effort devoted to a particular task, and actual performance. This study conceives of formation and change of self-efficacy as a social and context-dependent process. We hypothesized that different group factors (discretionary and ambient group stimuli) influence changes in members' self-efficacy through differing routes (individual-level and cross-level processes). We tested our hypotheses using data from individuals in 169 training groups who attended a 5-day workshop designed to increase participants' job-search skills and efficacy. Specifically, we examined the degree of change in participants' job-search efficacy before and after the workshop. The results showed that (a) membership diversity in education was positively related to increases in job-search efficacy, (b) supportive leadership contributed to job-search efficacy at the individual level of analysis with no cross-level effects, and (c) open group climate contributed to job-search efficacy through both individual-level and cross-level processes. Limitations and directions for future research are discussed.
ISSN
0894-3796
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/47544
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/job.195
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College of Business Administration/Business School (경영대학/대학원)Dept. of Business Administration (경영학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_경영학과)
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