S-Space College of Business Administration/Business School (경영대학/대학원) Dept. of Business Administration (경영학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_경영학과)
Self-Efficacy Changes in Groups: Effects of Diversity, Leadership, and Group Climate
- Choi, Jin Nam; Price, Richard H.; Vinokur, Amiram D.
- Issue Date
- Journal of Organizational Behavior, 24, 357-372
- Self-efficacy belief is a significant predictor of behavioral choices in terms of goal setting, the amount of effort devoted to a particular task, and actual performance. This study conceives of formation and change of self-efficacy as a social and context-dependent process. We hypothesized that different group factors (discretionary and ambient group stimuli) influence changes in members' self-efficacy through differing routes (individual-level and cross-level processes). We tested our hypotheses using data from individuals in 169 training groups who attended a 5-day workshop designed to increase participants' job-search skills and efficacy. Specifically, we examined the degree of change in participants' job-search efficacy before and after the workshop. The results showed that (a) membership diversity in education was positively related to increases in job-search efficacy, (b) supportive leadership contributed to job-search efficacy at the individual level of analysis with no cross-level effects, and (c) open group climate contributed to job-search efficacy through both individual-level and cross-level processes. Limitations and directions for future research are discussed.
- Files in This Item: There are no files associated with this item.