S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
치주질환자에 대한 유지관리의 효과
Awareness of patients with periodontal disease under treatments at initial and maintenance phase
- 강현경; 윤영숙; 박정희; 성미경; 배광학; 김진범
- Issue Date
- 대한구강보건학회지 29(3):271,-280.
- People are getting more interested in well-being, which gives the highest priority to health and does not sfare time and money for health. With increasing concern over and investment in healthy life, people's interest in and demand for dental health as a part of healthy life are also rising significantly and dental health is a critical element for the health of the whole body.
Thus this study purposed to investigate the current state of dental health management in new patients who visited the department of periodontology of B University Hospital for the first time to get treatment for periodontal diseases and maintenance patients who had been completely cured of their symptoms and were having regular dental health management services and to suggest the importance and necessity and effectiveness of dental health management system, and for this purpose it conducted a survey using a structured self-reporting questionnaire on 190 subjects who were selected through random sampling from patients who visited the Periodontal Department of B University Hospital. Collected data were analyzed based on real numbers, percentages, χ^(2) analysis and t-test using a statistics processing program (SPSS Windows, Version 10.0).
According to the results of the survey, 52.6% of the respondents were male and 47.4% were female. By age, 66.3% of the respondents aged between 40-59. As for academic qualification 39.5% were college graduates, and as for income 51.6% earned 1,000,000~3,000,000 won a month. As for the respondents' basic perception on their dental health, respondents who replied 'Healthy' was 5.1% of new patients while 48.4% of maintenance patients. As for oral management those who replied 'Healthy' were 5.1% of new patients while 48.4% of maintenance patients and as for the condition of oral health those who replied 'Have no oral malodor' were 28.9% of new patients while 66.0% of maintenance patients. Those who were using dental hospital to manage periodontal diseases were 27.9% of new patients while 97.9% of maintenance patients, and those who recognized the necessity of maintenance programs for periodontal disease patients were 88.6% of new patients while 93.6% of maintenance patients. Perception on the condition of dental health was 'less than average' in new patients while 'average' in maintenance patients, and the condition of dental health was in a positive correlation with oral malodor. Perception on oral condition management and periodontal disease management was higher in maintenance patients than in new patients.
According to the results of this study as presented above, recognition of both oral condition management and periodontal disease management was higher in maintenance patients than in new patients. In addition, maintenance and management produced the effect of efficient oral health promotion and patients' perception on maintenance was also positive. Above all it is necessary to introduce and execute maintenance systems at private medical institutions in order to improve and maintain people's dental health. Moreover, it is necessary to develop systematic maintenance and management programs and to continue relevant researches to utilize maintenance systems at community dental clinics.