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Li+ storage sites in non-graphitizable carbons prepared from methylnaphthalene-derived isotropic pitches

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Authors
Park, Chul Wan; Yoon, Seong-Ho; Lee, Sang Ick; Oh, Seung M.
Issue Date
2000-04-28
Publisher
Elsevier
Pergamon
Citation
Carbon 2000;38:995
Keywords
Carbon microbeadsIntercalation compoundElectrochemical analysisElectrochemical property
Abstract
The reversible Li storage sites and storage–de-storage mechanisms are studied with the carbonaceous materials prepared
from methylnaphthalene-derived isotropic pitches. Results of the electrochemical studies indicate that these carbons have at
1 1 1 least three different Li storage sites: Li ions are de-stored from site I at 0.0–0.12 V (vs. Li/Li ), from site II at 0.12–0.8
V, and from site III at .0.8 V. Site III is the most prosperous among the three when the preparation temperature is ,7008C.
The number of site I, which is negligible at ,7008C, steadily grows at the expense of site III to reach a maximum population
at 1000–12008C and diminishes thereafter. Site I looks similar to site III in that its discharge potential profile appears as a
plateau, but differs in that it shows a negligible hysteresis between the charging and discharging potential. A large potential
hysteresis is observed with site III. Site III is likely to be the void spaces where some amount of hetero-atoms (H and O) or
dangling bonds still exist, whereas site I is another type of void that is converted from site III by molecular bridging
1 between the randomly oriented stacks of small constituent molecules. During the charging reaction, Li ions are stored at
1 site II first, then at sites I and III in order. But Li de-storage takes place from site I first, then sites II and III. Ó 2000
Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0008-6223
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/5707
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(99)00205-5

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6223(99)00205-5
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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