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Gram-Scale One-Pot Synthesis of Highly Luminescent Blue Emitting Cd1-xZnxS/ZnS Nanocrystals

Cited 129 time in Web of Science Cited 141 time in Scopus
Authors
Bae, Wan Ki; Nam, Min Ki; Char, Kookheon; Lee, Seonghoon
Issue Date
2008-08-02
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Citation
Chem. Mater. 2008, 20, 5307–5313
Abstract
We demonstrated a facile synthesis of highly luminescent blue emitting Cd1-xZnxS/ZnS core/shell structured nanocrystals (NCs) in straightforward and reproducible manner. The alloyed Cd1-xZnxS cores with homogeneity in both size and composition were prepared by introducing S precursors (S dissolved in the noncoordinating solvent (1-octadecene)) into the mixed solution of Cd-Oleate (Cd(OA)2) and Zn-Oleate (Zn(OA)2) at elevated temperature (300 °C). ZnS shells were successively overcoated on the prepared cores by the second injection of S precursors (S powder dissolved in tributylphosphine, TBPS) directly into the reactor with existing alloyed Cd1-xZnxS NC cores without any purification steps. The prepared NCs exhibit strong band edge emission with high photoluminescent quantum yield (PL QY, up to 80%) and narrow spectral bandwidth (fwhm < 25 nm), which is believed to originate from the successful growth of ZnS shell layers on the Cd1-xZnxS cores and the interfacial compatibility between Cd1-xZnxS cores and the ZnS shell layers through the intradiffusion of Zn atoms from the ZnS shells into the Cd1-xZnxS cores during the shell formation reaction. The emission wavelength (PL λmax.) of Cd1-xZnxS/ZnS core/shell NCs was finely tuned from violet (415 nm) to blue (461 nm) by adjusting the amount of S precursors in the first injection (S in 1-octadecene) and thus changing actual Cd content ratio in the alloyed Cd1-xZnxS
cores (0.49 e x e 0.76). Furthermore, multigram (3 g) scale production of Cd1-xZnxS/ZnS core/shell NCs with narrow size distribution and spectral bandwidth was also demonstrated.
ISSN
0897-4756 (print)
1520-5002 (online)
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/5723
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/cm801201x

https://doi.org/10.1021/cm801201x
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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