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Order-Disorder Transition and Critical Micelle Temperature in Concentrated Block Copolymer Solutions

Cited 34 time in Web of Science Cited 36 time in Scopus
Authors
Park, Moon Jeong; Char, Kookheon
Issue Date
2005-02-16
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Citation
Macromolecules, 2005, 38, 2449
Abstract
The phase behavior of symmetric styrene−isoprene (SI) diblock copolymers in selective solvents in the vicinity of the order−disorder transition (ODT) was investigated by small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). Particular emphasis is placed on the region just above the ODT, where a disordered phase of micelles is observed. To understand morphological changes in more detail, one of the blocks is deuterated, i.e., PS−dPI and dPS−PI, and the scattering length density (SLD) of the solvents used were identical to the SLD of the corona chains. Two approaches for the analysis of SANS data were taken: the generalized indirect Fourier transformation (GIFT) and direct model fitting with relevant form and structure factors. With increasing temperature, the micellar aggregation number decreases, and the core radius is roughly maintained by the increased solvent swelling of the core. The critical micelle temperature (cmt) is experimentally described in the present study by an abrupt decrease in the size, aggregation number, and volume fraction of micelles. The micelles were found to dissociate into free chains approximately 20−30 °C higher than the TODT, and the cmt is found to be quite close to the mean-field spinodal temperature TS. A mean-field temperature, TMF, is located by the crossover temperature from the linear behavior of Imax-1 vs T-1 plot, and the structure factor above the experimentally determined TMF is also found to be in good agreement with the Leibler−Landau-type mean-field theory. We examined two different ODTs: body-centered cubic lattices to disorder and hexagonal cylinders to disorder, with similar results in both cases.
ISSN
0024-9297 (print)
1520-5835 (online)
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/5735
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1021/ma0477044
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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