Transient Solidlike Behavior near the Cylinder/Disorder Transition in Block Copolymer Solutions

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Park, Moon Jeong; Char, Kookheon; Lodge, Timothy P.; Kim, Jin Kon

Issue Date
American Chemical Society
J. Phys. Chem. B, 2006, 110 (31), 15295
A nearly symmetric polystyrene-block-polyisoprene diblock copolymer dissolved at a concentration of 40% in styrene-selective solvents exhibited a cylinder-to-disorder transition upon heating. The solvents used were diethyl phthalate (DEP) and 75:25 and 50:50 mixtures of DEP with di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP). In DEP, the most styrene-selective of the three solvents, rheological measurements indicated a distinct plateau in the temperature-dependent elastic modulus across the 8 °C interval above the order−disorder transition temperature, TODT = 116 °C. Previous small-angle neutron scattering measurements in this regime indicated the equilibrium phase to be a liquidlike solution of approximately spherical micelles. An isothermal frequency sweep in this regime indicated a very long relaxation time. Annealing eventually led to the recovery of liquidlike rheological response, over a time scale of hours. Qualitatively similar phenomena were also observed in 75:25 DEP/DBP and 50:50 DEP/DBP solutions, except the fact that the temperature window of the transient response is narrow and the time scale for the recovery diminishes significantly. Neither small-angle X-ray scattering nor static birefringence gave any clear signature of the transient structure. The structure that leads to the transient rheological response is attributed to micellar congestion due to the slow relaxation of anisotropic micelles into an equilibrium distribution of micelles. Possible origins of the remarkable solvent selectivity dependence are also discussed.
1520-6106 (print)
1520-5207 (online)
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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