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Simple synthesis of hollow tin dioxide microspheres and their application to lithium-ion battery anodes

Cited 431 time in Web of Science Cited 447 time in Scopus
Authors
Han, Sang Jin; Jang, Byung Chul; Kim, Taeahn; Oh, Seung M.; Hyeon, Taeghwan
Issue Date
2005-11
Publisher
John Wiley & Sons
Citation
Advanced Functional Materials, Vol.15 No.11, pp.1845-1850
Keywords
Hollow materialsLithium-ion batteriesMicrospheresTin oxides
Abstract
Hollow tin dioxide (SnO2) microspheres were synthesized by the simple heat treatment of a mixture composed of tin(IV) tetrachloride pentahydrate (SnCl(4)center dot 5H(2)O) and resorcinol-formaldehyde gel (RF gel). Because hollow structures were formed during the heat treatment, the pre-formation of template and the adsorption of target precursor on template are unnecessary in the current method, leading to simplified synthetic procedures and facilitating mass production. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) images showed 1.7-2.5 mu m sized hollow spherical particles. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images showed that the produced spherical particles are composed of a hollow inner cavity and thin outer shell. When the hollow SnO2 microspheres were used as a lithium-battery anode, they exhibited extraordinarily high discharge capacities and coulombic efficiency. The reported synthetic procedure is straightforward and inexpensive, and consequently can be readily adopted to produce large quantities of hollow SnO2 microspheres. This straightforward approach can be extended for the synthesis of other hollow microspheres including those obtained from ZrO2 and ZrO2/CeO2 solid solutions.
ISSN
1616-301X
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/5833
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200500243
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Chemical Convergence for Energy and Environment (에너지환경 화학융합기술전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_에너지환경 화학융합기술전공)
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