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Interaction Parameter Predicted by Pressure-Volume-Temperature Properties of Miscible Polymer Blends

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Authors
Jeon, Kee Su; Char, Kookheon; Kim, Eugene
Issue Date
2000
Publisher
The Society of Polymer Science, Japan (SPSJ)
Citation
Polym. J., 32, 1 (2000)
Keywords
Polymer BlendsInteraction ParameterPressure-Volume-Temperature PropertiesEquation of State Theories
Abstract
Expressions for Flory interaction parameter, χsc, were derived from the second derivative of the free energy of mixing by the following three equation of state theories: lattice fluid model of Sanchez and Lacombe [J. Phys. Chem., 80, 2352, 2568 (1976)], model of Flory, Orwoll, and Vrij [J. Am. Chem. Soc., 86, 3507 (1964)], and modified cell model by Dee and Walsh [Macromolecules, 21, 815 (1988)]. In each case, composition dependence of the characteristic pressure parameter, P*, was used to account for excess intermolecular interaction energy. The liquid state pressure-volume-temperature (PVT) properties of both pure components and mixtures of polystyrene and tetramethylbisphenol-A polycarbonate were measured at the weight fraction of polystyrene of 1/3 and 2/3, which were accordingly analyzed. The absolute values of χsc were always significantly larger than those obtained by small angle neutron scattering [H. Yang and J.M. OReilly, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc., 79, 129 (1987)] and diffusion [E. Kim et al., J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed., 33, 467 (1995)] measurements by a factor of 102. The PVT properties of blends misleadingly overstimate the enthalpic contribution, as also noted for the polystyrene (PS)/poly(vinyl methyl ether) mixture system by Ougizawa, Dee, and Walsh [Macromolecules, 24, 3834 (1991)].
ISSN
0032-3896 (print)
1349-0540 (online)
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/5872
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1295/polymj.32.1
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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