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Preparation of PtRu nanoparticles on various carbon supports using surfactants and their catalytic activities for methanol electro-oxidation

Cited 29 time in Web of Science Cited 30 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Cham; Kwon, Heock-Hoi; Song, In Kyu; Sung, Yung-Eun; Chung, Won Seob; Lee, Ho-In
Issue Date
2007
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Journal of Power Sources 171 (2007) 404–411
Keywords
Direct methanol fuel cellMethanol electro-oxidationPlatinum poisoningPtRu or Platinum-rutheniumCarbon spherule
Abstract
In the anodes of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs), Pt poisoning by CO adsorption during methanol electro-oxidation has been a serious
problem. Efforts to overcome or minimize this obstacle have largely involved investigations of PtRu bimetallic catalysts. In order to prepare fine
PtRu alloyed hydrosols, we used non-ionic surfactants including L121, Pluronic P123, P65, Brij 35, and Tween 20 as stabilizers in this study.
The sizes of the prepared metal particles change with the surfactant used. The finest metal hydrosol is obtained when Pluronic P123 and P65
are used. The resulting metal hydrosols with Pluronic P123, Brij 35 and Tween 20 are supported on Vulcan XC-72R. PtRu/XC-72R prepared
with Pluronic P123 exhibits the best catalytic activity due to better dispersion of the alloyed metal. To improve further the activity of the PtRu
catalyst, the commercial Vulcan XC-72R is replaced with carbon spherule (CS), a home-made carbon support. Electrochemical analyses such as
cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic-polarization tests are performed to evaluate the prepared catalyst. PtRu/CS has a superior performance to
PtRu/XC-72R in methanol electro-oxidation when Pluronic P123 is employed as the stabilizer. The higher conductivity and larger inter-particle
space of the CS appear to facilitate methanol electro-oxidation.
ISSN
0378-7753
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/61302
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2007.05.109
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College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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