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Effect of lithium carbonate on nickel catalysts for direct internal reforming MCFC

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Jae-Sik-
dc.contributor.authorYun, Jung-Sook-
dc.contributor.authorKwon, Heock-Hoi-
dc.contributor.authorLim, Tae-Hoon-
dc.contributor.authorHong, Seong-Ahn-
dc.contributor.authorLee, Ho-In-
dc.date.accessioned2010-03-24T23:23:37Z-
dc.date.available2010-03-24T23:23:37Z-
dc.date.issued2005-08-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Power Sources 145 (2005) 652–658en
dc.identifier.issn0378-7753-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10371/61903-
dc.description.abstractDespite many advantages of the direct internal reforming molten carbonate fuel cell (DIR-MCFC) in producing electricity, there are many
problems to solve before practical use. The deactivation of reforming catalyst by alkali like lithium is one of the major obstacles to overcome.
A promising method is addition of TiO2 into the Ni/MgO reforming catalyst, which resulted in the increased resistance to lithium poisoning
as we previously reported. To understand how added titania worked, it is necessary to elucidate the deactivation mechanism of the catalysts
supported on metal oxides such as MgO and MgO–TiO2 composite oxide.
Several supported nickel catalysts deactivated by lithium carbonate were prepared, characterized and evaluated. The Ni/MgO catalyst turned
out to be most vulnerable to lithium deactivation among the employed catalysts. The activity of the Ni/MgO gradually decreased to zero with
increasing amount of lithium addition. Deactivation by lithium addition resulted from the decrease of active site due to sintering of nickel
particles as well as the formation of the LiyNixMg1−x−yO ternary solid solution. These were evidenced by H2 chemisorption, temperature
programmed reduction, and XRD analyses. As an effort to minimize Li-poisoning, titanium was introduced to MgO support. This resulted in
the formation of Ni/Mg2TiO4, which seemed to increase resistance against Li-poisoning.
en
dc.description.sponsorshipthe Korea Electric
Power Research Institute through the Korea Institute of
Science and Technology, and by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation through the Research Center for Energy
Conversion and Storage
en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.subjectDeactivation by lithiumen
dc.subjectNi/MgOen
dc.subjectNi/MgO–TiO2en
dc.subjectDIR-MCFCen
dc.titleEffect of lithium carbonate on nickel catalysts for direct internal reforming MCFCen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor최재식-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor윤정숙-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor권혁회-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor임태훈-
dc.contributor.AlternativeAuthor홍성안-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jpowsour.2004.12.066-
Appears in Collections:
College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원)Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering (화학생물공학부)Journal Papers (저널논문_화학생물공학부)
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