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The effect of acamprosate on alcohol and food craving in patients with alcohol dependence

Cited 9 time in Web of Science Cited 9 time in Scopus
Authors
Han, Doug Hyun; Lyool, In Kyoon; Sung, Young Hoon; Lee, Sang Hoon; Renshaw, Perry F.
Issue Date
2007-11-07
Publisher
Elsevier
Citation
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2008 ;93(3):279-83.
Keywords
AdultAlcohol Deterrents/*therapeutic useAlcoholism/complications/*drug therapy/*psychologyBody Mass IndexCognitive TherapyCohort StudiesCombined Modality TherapyEating Disorders/complications/*drug therapy/*psychologyFemale*FoodGABA Modulators/therapeutic useHumansLorazepam/therapeutic useMaleMiddle AgedPsychiatric Status Rating ScalesSocioeconomic FactorsTaurine/*analogs & derivatives/therapeutic useThiamine/therapeutic use
Abstract
INTRODUCTION: The balance between inhibitory (gamma aminobutyric acid; GABAergic) and excitatory (glutamatergic) neurotransmission is thought to be associated with craving for alcohol and food. The anticraving effect of acamprosate is thought to be mediated through modifying the balance of GABA and glutamate. Recent studies in animals have suggested that acamprosate may have non-selective effects on craving for both alcohol and food. METHODS: The influence of acamprosate for reducing craving for alcohol and food was assessed in 204 in-patients with alcohol dependence (96 patients treated with acamprosate, PWA; 108 patients were not treated PNA) was assessed at baseline and following 1, 2, and 4 weeks of treatment. RESULTS: There was a significant reduction in craving for alcohol over 4 weeks of treatment in both PWA and PNA groups, but without significant group differences. In contrast, a reduction in food craving was observed only in the PWA group. In addition, there was a significant increase of body mass index (BMI) in the PNA group but not the PWA group over the 4-week period. DISCUSSION: These results demonstrate acamprosate nonselective effects on craving for drinking and eating in alcoholic patients.
ISSN
0376-8716 (Print)
Language
English
URI
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&dopt=Citation&list_uids=17983709

https://hdl.handle.net/10371/63309
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.09.014
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Psychiatry (정신과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_정신과학전공)
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