S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Obstetrics & Gynecology (산부인과전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_산부인과학전공)
Use of long-term cultured embryoid bodies may enhance cardiomyocyte differentiation by BMP2
- Issue Date
- Yonsei University College of Medicine
- Yonsei Med J. 2008;49(5):819-27
- Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/*pharmacology ; Cell Culture Techniques ; Cell Line ; Cell Proliferation ; Embryonic Stem Cells/cytology/*drug effects ; Humans ; Myocytes, Cardiac/*cytology ; Pluripotent Stem Cells/cytology/drug effects ; Signal Transduction ; Cell Differentiation
- PURPOSE: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can proliferate for a prolonged period and differentiate into cardiomyocytes in vitro. Recent studies used bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) to generate cardiomyocytes from hESCs, however, all those studies used early embryoid bodies (EBs) and did not retrieve cardiomyocytes with a high yield. In this study, we treated long-term cultured EBs with BMP2 in order to promote differentiation into cardiomyocytes from hESCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: hESC lines, including SNUhES3 and SNUhES4, were used in this study. Undifferentiated hESC colonies were detached to form EBs and cultured for up to 30 days. These long-term cultured EBs were differentiated into cardiomyocytes in serum-containing media. In our protocol, BMP2 was applied for 5 days after attachment of EBs. Cardiac specific markers, beating of differentiated cells and electron microscopic (EM) ultrastructures were evaluated and analyzed. RESULTS: Compared to 10-day or 20-day EBs, 30-day EBs showed a higher expression level of cardiac specific markers, Nkx2.5 and a-myosin heavy chain (aMHC). Treatment of BMP2 increased expression of cardiac troponin (cTn) I and a-actinin when evaluated at 20 days after attachment of 30-day EBs. Beating of differentiated cells was observed from 7 to 20 days after attachment. Moreover, EM findings demonstrated fine structures such as Z bands in these differentiated cardiomyocytes. These long-term cultured EBs yielded cardiomyocytes with an efficiency of as high as 73.6% when assessed by FACS. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated that the use of long-term cultured EBs may enhance differentiation into cardiomyocytes from hESCs when treated with BMP2.
- 0513-5796 (Print)