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우리나라 국가기술자격제도 개편방안 연구
Study on reforming the national qualification certification scheme with special reference to technology

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Authors
권해수; 박영범
Issue Date
2007-06
Publisher
서울대학교 행정대학원
Citation
행정논총, Vol. 45 No. 2, pp. 79-101
Keywords
자격자격제도국가자격민간자격자격 평가qualificationqualification certification schemegovernment certified qualificationprivate-sector-recognized qualificationqualification evaluation
Abstract
이 연구는 능력중심의 지식기반사회에 적합한 미래지향적 자격제도를 구축하기 위해서는 국가기술자격제도 운영에 있어서 정부와 민간의 역할이 재정립 되어야 하며 노동시장과 교육훈련시장이 자격제도를 통해 연계가 강화되어야 한다는 전제에서 수요자 중심의 참여적 국가기술자격제도의 개편방안을 제시하고자 한다. 개편의 기본방향으로는 첫째 자격부여 및 관리의 기조를 입직검정위주에서 재직자, 실업자, 비정규직 등 전국민의 평생숙련형성을 촉진하는 방향으로의 전환, 둘째 국가주도-민간참여형 자격제도에서 민간주도-국가지원의 자격제도로의 전환, 셋째 기능공의 인정 요건을 강화하여 자격종목의 대폭 축소, 넷째 자격관리제도의 통합, 다섯째 국가직무능력 표준체계 구축 등을 제시하고 있다. 인프라를 구축하기 위해 첫째 관리위탁 민간단체 활성화, 둘째 실무과정 평가체계 구축, 셋째 현재 자격관리관련 기관의 기능 재정립 등을 제시하고 있고, 응시요건은 첫째 자격등급체계의 축소, 둘째 자격요건은 에서 으로의 전환, 셋째 현장평가의 강화 등의 개편방안을 제시하고 있다. The relationship between the government and the private sector should be reestablished and the linkage between the labor market and the educationitraining market should be strengthened in order to build a future-looking national certification scheme serving a knowledge-based society that recognizes the ability above all. This study proposes a way to reforin a participating national certification scheme in technology where demand plays a vital role. The National Qualification Certification Scheme (NQCS) should be reformed in the following ways: (1) The NQCS should be reconstructed to promote lifelong skill aquisition by everyone, including irregular workers and the unemployed, instead of focusing on evaluating entry-level workers. (2) The NQCS should be changed from a scheme led by the government that the private sector participates in to one led by the private sector supported by government. (3) Classroom tests should be reduced. Instead, on-the-job skills should be recognized more. (4) Some certifications should be integrated. (5) A national occupational ability standard should be established. The study suggests the following detailed reforms of the NQCS: (1) The number of qualification grades should be reduced. (2) The requirement should be changed from minimum years of education and work experience to minimum training courses and on-the-job training. (3) Evaluation at the workplace should be strengthened. (4) Private qualification certification organizations that manage the NQCS on behalf of the government should be given an increased role. (5) A structure for evaluating workplace ability should be established. (6) The existing institutions involved in the NQCS should be re-organized.
ISSN
1229-6694
Language
Korean
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/70435
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Graduate School of Public Administration (행정대학원)Dept. of Public Administration (행정학과)Korean Journal of Public Administration (행정논총)Korean Journal of Public Administration (행정논총) vol.45 (2007)
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