해방후 분단국가교육체제의 형성,1945~1948 : 국립서울대학교와 김일성종합대학의 등장을 중심으로
The Formation of Divided Education System in Korea after Liberation, 1945-1948: The Rise of Seoul National University and Kim Il-Song University

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서울대학교 사범대학
사대논총, Vol.53, pp. 1-20
From the presence of Seoul National University in Seoul and Kim II-Song

University in Pyongyang, we clearly see a case of the divided higher educational system in Korea. This paper addresses a series of Questions concerning the educational origins of the divided education system at the university level. Recounting both the traditional and revisionist views on the nature of socio-political movements against the Seoul National University

(hereafter, SNU) Plan, this paper makes a claim that not the imposition of American imperialist interventions but a division within the variety of scholarly organizations among Korean academics and professors, who failed to keep up their promise of the Grand Unity, was conducive to the division. The two universities were created in October 1946 with just a two week interval. Hardly different were the rationale and procedures for the making of a Supreme University" in the two. Moreover, seen from the composition of leading faculty

members of each university, they were born as an identical twin. A contradiction built in university autonomy was the moving forces of the keen disputes on the SNU Plan which did not permit any form of self-government of faculty members. A legendary tradition of self-government among professors first become de facto legitimate practices during the struggle for the freedom of academy in the history of the Japanese Imperial Universities. And it was, however, maintained to protect the vested interests among professors of the privileges and prestiges which were never shareed to other

professors in the private universities or colleges. Newly appointed professors, who were mostly graduates of Imperial universities and were members of the

progressive political parties and leaders of various scholarly organizations

wanted to inherit a progressive element of university autonomy, while reform-mined bureaucrats who were graduates of American universities and membersof the rightist political parties wanted to remove a reactive element of faculty autonomy which in fact led to the Japanese vicious tradition of school sectionalism. Contrary to the claims made by revisionists, it was not the movement against the SNU Plan but the Plan itself that failed. The rise of SNU

is a compromise between the two competing groups. This group competition

facilitated the division. Key members of the former group who opposed to the SNU Plan went Pyongyang to actively participate in the making of Kim II-Song University and became the backbone of it. Some of the legacies of Imperial University still remains in SNU.
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College of Education (사범대학)Center for Educational Research (교육종합연구원)교육연구와 실천Journal of the College of Education (師大論叢) vol.52/53 (1996)
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