S-Space College of Education (사범대학) Center for Educational Research (교육종합연구원) 교육연구와 실천 Journal of the College of Education (師大論叢) vol.32/33 (1986)
一般特惠關鏡制度에 관한 硏究 : A Study on the Generalized System of Preferences
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 사범대학
- 사대논총, Vol.32, pp. 61-84
- Commencing in 1971, the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) was introduced by a number of industrial nations, including the EEC, Japan, and the USA. The objective of this new system was to establish new international trade incentives that would contribute to raising the material wealth of the developing countries through trade rather than aid. This system has had a strong effect on Korean trade. I would, therefore, like to investigate the various issues and conflicts underlying the intervening negotiations between the more than one-hundred developing countries and the preference-giving developed countries. I examine the expected economic impact of tariff preferences on developing country exports and development, noting the importance of manufacturing activities. I also look into the operation and effects of the GSP, taking into. consideration the precise institutional features of each preference scheme in the EEC, Japan, and the USA. Under these considerations, I examine the problems that Korea has for the improvement of trade and suggest possible ways of promoting its development. These are as follows: First, Korea has to increase the product coverage of the GSP and developed additional products in order to expand exports under this system. Second, we should acquire concrete knowledge about each of the several GSPs: the EEC, Japan, the USA. Third, we have to take counter-measures against any safeguard actions that developed-countries may take in the near future.