S-Space College of Dentistry/School of Dentistry (치과대학/치의학대학원) Dept. of Dentistry (치의학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_치의학과)
Msx2 mediates the inhibitory action of tnf-α on osteoblast differentiation
- Lee, Hye-Lim; Yi, TacGhee; Woo, Kyung Mi; Ryoo, Hyun-Mo; Kim, Gwan-Shik; Baek, Jeong-Hwa
- Issue Date
- Experimental and Molecular Medicine 2010;42:437-445
- alkaline phosphatase; bone morphogenetic protein 2; cell differentiation; Msx2 protein; NF-κB; osteoblasts; tumor necrosis factor-α
- TNF-α, a proinflammatory cytokine, inhibits osteoblast differentiation under diverse inflammatory conditions; however, the underlying mechanisms in terms of the TNF-α signaling pathway remain unclear. In this study, we examined the role of Msx2 in TNF-α-mediated inhibition of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) expression and the signaling pathways involved. TNF-α down-regulated ALP expression induced by bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in C2C12 and Runx2-/- calvarial cells. Over-expression of Msx2 suppressed BMP2-induced ALP expression. Furthermore, TNF-α induced Msx2 expression, and the knockdown of Msx2 by small interfering RNAs rescued ALP expression, which was inhibited by TNF-α. TNF-α activated the NF-κB and the JNK pathways. Inhibition of NF-κB or JNK activation reduced the inhibitory effect of TNF-α on ALP expression, whereas TNF-α-induced Msx2 expression was only suppressed by the inhibition of the NF-κB pathway. Taken together, these results indicate that Msx2 mediates the inhibitory action of TNF-α on BMP2-regulated osteoblast differentiation and that the TNF-α-activated NF-κB pathway is responsible for Msx2 induction.
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