S-Space College of Engineering/Engineering Practice School (공과대학/대학원) Dept. of Industrial Engineering (산업공학과) Journal Papers (저널논문_산업공학과)
Decelerating agricultural society: Theoretical and historical perspectives
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
- TECHNOLOGICAL FORECASTING AND SOCIAL CHANGE; Vol.77 3; 479-499
- Agricultural development ; Commercial society ; Decelerating society ; Agricultural society ; Economic growth ; Simple reproduction ; Induced innovation
- In general, societies are divided into agricultural and industrial types. This study presents theoretical and historical perspectives on decelerating agricultural societies. Agricultural demand and supply play major roles in society development. Three descriptions of an agricultural society and theories of its deceleration patterns are presented: the neo-classical production function, stage theory, and induced innovation. Two important cases of decelerating agricultural societies and their ultimate replacement by industrial societies, medieval Europe and nineteenth- and twentieth-century United States, are examined. The limitations of decelerating agricultural societies with a focus on structural problems, impacts of industrial structure, and problems of agriculture in market and non-market areas, are also discussed. The position of agriculture as described by economic development theory is established by analyzing the stages of economic development, the theory of structural change, and the theory of leading industry. Finally, the transition from an agricultural to a commercial society is described with a focus on the formation, development, value creation, and structural limitations of a commercial society. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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