S-Space College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학) Center for Social Sciences (사회과학연구원) Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Korean Social Sciences Review (KSSR) Vol.02, No.01-02 (2012)
Comparative Patterns of Political Institutions and Social Policy Developments
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- Issue Date
- Korean Social Sciences Review(KSSR), Vol.2 No.1, pp. 151-180
- Social Policy Preferences ; Social Policy Developments ; Political Institutions ; Democracy ; Electoral Rule ; Korea
- This paper tries to provide empirical support for a formal model of social policy development, as presented in a former paper on this study. In a direct democracy, the median voters social policy preference is critical because he is a Condorcet winner in pair-wise pure majority voting. However, in a more general setting, we should think of various political institutions as a collective choice of device. For this reason, I draw a formal model that formulates
three contrasting types of political institutions that are distinguished by the developments of political democracy and the differences in electoral rules. Comparative patterns of key variables that measure political institutions, social policy developments, and social policy preferences provide support for arguments. My empirical results suggest that three political institutions are associated with very different policy outcomes. Compared to other
institutions, a committee system entails more targeted subsidies and a less universal benefit. In contrast, proportional elections produce a more universal benefit and fewer targeted subsidies.
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