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Mesenchymal Stem-Cell Transplantation for Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury in Neonatal Rat Model

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Authors
Lee, Jin A.; Kim, Beyong Il; Jo, Chris Hyunchul; Choi, Chang Won; Kim, Han-Suk; Choi, Jung-Hwan; Yoon, Kang-Sup; Kim, Ee-Kyung
Issue Date
2010-01
Publisher
INT PEDIATRIC RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC
Citation
PEDIATRIC RESEARCH; Vol.67 1; 42-46
Abstract
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIE) remains a major cause of neurologic disabilities. However, many experimental therapies have shown limited successes. We assessed whether human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could be transplanted in the HIE rat brain to improve neurologic disabilities. P7 SD rats were either subjected to left carotid artery ligation and hypoxic exposure [hypoxia-ischemia (HI)) or sham operation and normoxic exposure (sham). On P10, rat pubs received either PKH26-labeled MSCs or buffer via intracardial injection, resulting in four experimental groups: sham-buffer, sham-MSC, HI-buffer. and HI-MSC. Cylinder test and accelerating rotarod test were performed 14, 20 307 and 40 d after injection. Six weeks after injection, cresyl violet and double immunofluorescence staining were performed. MSCs were transplanted to the whole brain mainly after HI. Glial fibrillary acidic protein and OX42 were more abundantly colocalized with MSC than neuronal specific nuclear protein or myelin basic protein. There were no significant differences in the total amounts and cell types between the lesioned and nonlesioned hemisphere. The lesioned hemispheric volume was decreased after HI (p = 0.012) but not restored by MSC. Neurologic performance was significantly impaired only on the cylinder test after HI (p = 0.034), and MSC transplants improved it (p = 0.010). These suggest MSC can be a candidate for the treatment of neonatal HIE. (Pediatr Res 67: 42-46, 2010)
ISSN
0031-3998
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/76982
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Pediatrics (소아과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_소아과학전공)
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