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Thalamic changes in temporal lobe epilepsy with and without hippocampal sclerosis: A diffusion tensor imaging study

Cited 24 time in Web of Science Cited 28 time in Scopus
Authors
Kim, Chi Heon; Koo, Bang-Bon; Chung, Chun Kee; Lee, Jong-Min; Lee, Sang Kun; Kim, June Sic
Issue Date
2010-06
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
EPILEPSY RESEARCH; Vol.90 01월 02일; 21-27
Keywords
Magnetic resonance imagingTemporal lobe epilepsyThalamusTensorHippocampus
Abstract
Objective: The seizure network may be different between temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (TLE + HS) and without HS (TLE - HS). Chronic seizure activity may alter the diffusion properties of a seizure network. The thalamus is known to have an anatomical connection to the medial temporal area and to play a role in seizure modulation. This study aimed to evaluate differences in thalamic changes between TLE + HS and TLE - HS with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods: Nine patients with TLE + HS and nine patients with TLE - HS were included in the study. All patients underwent surgery with good seizure outcomes. Hippocampal sclerosis was verified pathologically. Sixteen right-handed, normal subjects were enrolled as controls. DTI was acquired using 3.0 T MRI. The mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA) were calculated in the center of the bilateral thalamus with the DTIstudio program. Results: The MD of bilateral thalami increased in both TLE groups compared to controls (p<0.05), while FA values did not differ from controls. The MD of the thalamus ipsilateral to the epileptogenic side was higher in the TLE + HS group than in the TLE - HS group (p=0.007). Onset age, seizure duration, seizure frequency and total seizure number were not correlated with FA and MD changes (p>0.05). Conclusion: Bilateral thalamic diffusion properties are altered in temporal lobe epilepsy. The presence of hippocampal sclerosis enhances the change ipsilaterally.
ISSN
0920-1211
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/77041
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2010.03.002
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College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원)Neurosurgery (신경외과학전공)Journal Papers (저널논문_신경외과학전공)
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