S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Internal Medicine (내과학전공) Journal Papers (저널논문_내과학전공)
Increased Urinary Lipocalin-2 Reflects Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Activity in Chronic Hepatitis C with Hepatic Fibrosis
- Kim, Jin-Wook; Lee, Sang Hyub; Jeong, Sook-Hyang; Kim, Haeryoung; Cho, Jai Young; Han, Ho-Seong; Yoon, Yoo-Seok; Ahn, Keun Soo
- Issue Date
- TOHOKU UNIV MEDICAL PRESS
- TOHOKU JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE; Vol.222 4; 319-327
- Hepatic fibrosis is characterized by excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in the remodeling of the extracellular matrix during hepatic fibrosis. Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) forms complexes with MMP-9 and can be detected in the urine of patients with several types of cancers. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between urinary LCN2 levels and MMP-9 activity with respect to the stage of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), and to assess the utility of urine LCN2 as a non-invasive marker of hepatic fibrosis. Fresh spot urine samples were prospectively collected from forty-two interferon-naive CHC patients who underwent liver biopsy. The stage of hepatic fibrosis was assessed according to the METAVIR fibrosis score; 18 patients had no or mild fibrosis (stages F0 and F1) and 24 patients showed significant fibrosis (stages F2-F4). Immunoblot analyses demonstrated co-migration of urine LCN2 and MMP-9. Gelatin zymography showed that urinary MMP-9/MMP-2 activity ratios were higher in patients with significant fibrosis (F2-F4) than in patients no or mild fibrosis (F0-F1). Urine LCN2 levels which were normalized to urine creatinine concentration (urine LCN2-to-creatinine ratio; ULCR) were higher in F2-F4 patients compared to F0-F1 patients. There was a positive correlation between ULCR and urine MMP-9/MMP-2 activity ratios (r = 0.735). ULCR and AST-to-platelet ratio index were independent predictors of significant fibrosis by multivariate analysis. The present study suggests that urinary LCN2 is a novel marker of hepatic fibrosis by reflecting urine MMP-9 activity in CHC.