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Isolation and characterization of a Myoviridae bacteriophage against Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dairy cows with mastitis

Cited 22 time in Web of Science Cited 25 time in Scopus
Authors
Han, Jee Eun; Kim, Ji Hyung; Hwang, Sun Young; Choresca Jr., Casiano H.; Jun, Jin Woo; Chai, Ji Young; Park, Yong Ho; Park, Se Chang; Shin, Sang Phil
Issue Date
2013-10
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd.
Citation
Research in Veterinary Science Vol.95 No.2, pp. 758-763
Keywords
농수해양BacteriophageMastitisMyoviridaeSAH-1Staphylococcus aureus
Abstract
A lytic bacteriophage (phage), designated SAH-1, was isolated from sewage effluent near a dairy cow farm in Gwacheon, South Korea to search for biocontrol agents against Staphylococcus aureus infections. The SAH-1 was morphologically classified as Myoviridae and possessed an approximate 144 kb double-stranded genomic DNA. The phage showed broad host ranges within S. aureus strains including methicillin-resistant strains, and its latent period and burst size were approximately 20 min and 100 PFU/cell, respectively. Moreover, morphologic and genomic analysis of SAH-1 revealed that the phage was closely related to other Myoviridae phages infecting Staphylococcus species. The bacteriolytic activity of phage SAH-1 at a multiplicity of infection (MOI) 1 and 100 indicated its efficiency for reducing bacterial growth. Based on these results, phage SAH-1 could be considered a potential therapeutic or prophylactic candidate against S. aureus infections.
ISSN
0034-5288
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/83599
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2013.06.001
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College of Veterinary Medicine (수의과대학)Dept. of Veterinary Medicine (수의학과)Journal Papers (저널논문_수의학과)
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