S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 18 Number 1/2 (1982)
英語 前置詞坐礁의 史的 考察
A Study oÍl the History of English Preposition Stranding
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.18 No.1, pp. 59-81
- Preposition Stranding was not possible in OE Topiclaization unless the prepositional
object was a pronoun. In the case of a pronoun, the Preposition Stranding could be attributed to the effects of an independently motivated rule permitting pronominal object of prepositions and their prepositions, after which the pronoun and the preposition could split up freely. Passivization of the object of a preposition was not possible, either.
Preposition stranding was obligatory in þe relatives, but non-existent in se and se þe relatives. Apparent counterexamples to this generalization involving pronouns were accounted for by an independently motivated rule permitting objects of prepositions with those prepositions, in conjunction with the PP-Split rule.
While preposition stranding 'was possible in free relatives of the sort in which the
pronoun independently must be analyzed as being the head of the relative clause, it was not possible in free relatives which must be analyzed as involving movement of the pronoun.
In ME, Preposition Stranding came about in all ψh-relatives, questions, and passives of the sort he was laughed at. This change can be accounted. for as folloing In OE, Prepostion Stranding was possible in free relatives which were hypothesized there to ìnvolve deletìon under ìdentity to the head, which was the wh-pfonoun. Since Prepositìon Strandìng was 'possìble ìn these relatives, and since these relatives were now superficially much similar to ordinary ψh-relatives, it would be easy for a language learner; hearìng Prepositìon Strnading in one constructìon with ψh-pronouns, to extend Preposition Strandìng to other constructions, such as ordinary relatives involvìng wh-movement. Once this step was taken, there was no longer any. evìdenc for a prohibitìon against movement out of PP (Prepositional Phrase). And when this prohibition was dropped, we would expect Preposition Straning in not only relatìve clauses and questions, which used tνhwords, but also ìn. other constructions ìnvolving movement, such as Topìcalization an Passivization.