S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 24 Number 1/4 (1988)
The Korean Dialect Materials in Matveev's 1900 Reference Book to the City of Vladivostok
- King, J.R.P.
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.24 No.2, pp. 281-329
- This paper analyzes a valuable Russian-Korean vocabulary published in 1900 in Vladivostok, and recently discovered by the author. The Korean of the materials is N. Hamkyeng dialect, and shows many interesting and archaic features at the a) phonetic, b) phonological, c) morpho-syntactic and d) lexical levels. E.g.: a)/1I is [r] before C, Late Middle Korean (LMK) Isy + V/ is preserved as [s+ V], Icl and /t/ are unaffected by palatalization and affrication, LMK layl has failed to undergo monophthongization in some instances; b) /ŋ/ > ø/_+-i, and/ m,n/ >[b.d]/#_;c) V-final words suffix "nominative" /-i/, and there is no sign of /-ka/; WH-questions take a different sentence ending /-ko/ than non-WH questions; d) there are many typically N. Hamkyeng words, e.g. hammuri "river," sodab "laundry," xa-minzu "snack," as well as words of Chinese, Russian and unknown origin.