S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 25 Number 1/4 (1989)
統辭的 派生에 대하여
On Syntactic Suffixation in Korean
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.25 No.1, pp. 167-196
- Obviously, suffixation is one of the morphological processes which makes lexical derivatives by attaching dependent forms to lexical bases. This means that morphological derivational suffixes should be attached to lexical bases, and that the products of morphological derivation should be lexical units or other lexical bases. It is also self-evident that the semantic effects of morphological suffixes involve the semantics of the immediately preceding lexical bases. We accept these three conditions as defining characteristics of morphological derivation.
In Korean, however, we come to recognize the presence of some peculier suffix-like dependent forms showing different behaviours from typical morphological suffixes. Among such dependent forms are tul (a plural marker which performs the semantic function of individuating a generic entity), ssik (a marker adding distributive meaning to a plural entity), kkiri (a marker playing a semantic role of making a plural entity into some small inner closed circle), kkae (a marker denoting aroundness after quantifying expressions), and a kind of -tap- (a derivative suffix which makes an adjective-like predication from NP and indicates that the subject has the quality of just described entity). These dependent forms especially verbal endings, prefinal endings, so-called case markers and delimiters, cannot be described as the ones participating in morphological processes.