S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 30 Number 1/4 (1994)
A Constraint-Based Approach to Korean Loanwords
- Hirano, Hideyuki
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.30 No.4, pp. 707-739
- This paper presents an analysis of Korean loanwords within the framework of Optimality Theory_ It argues that the constraints FAITHFULNESS and MARGIN-R, which condition the preservation of original input forms, play a crucial role in loanword phonology, and that they interact with other constraints describing the unmarked characteristics of the basic syllable structure. It also argues that a system of both dominant constraints and ranked, violable constraints selects forms. This research strongly suggests that a ranking of constraints, BR, M-R》F AITHFULNESS》PARSE》ALIGN-R》FILL》ONS》-COD exists in Korean loanword phonology. Moreover, it is demonstrated that two possible actual forms are characterized by the ranking differences between violable constraints, and that overparsing is a reliable strategy for rescuing unsyllabifiable segments. This analysis shows how Optimality Theory works in loanword phonology.