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A Constraint-Based Approach to Korean Loanwords

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Authors
Hirano, Hideyuki
Issue Date
1994-12
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.30 No.4, pp. 707-739
Abstract
This paper presents an analysis of Korean loanwords within the framework of Optimality Theory_ It argues that the constraints FAITHFULNESS and MARGIN-R, which condition the preservation of original input forms, play a crucial role in loanword phonology, and that they interact with other constraints describing the unmarked characteristics of the basic syllable structure. It also argues that a system of both dominant constraints and ranked, violable constraints selects forms. This research strongly suggests that a ranking of constraints, BR, M-R》F AITHFULNESS》PARSE》ALIGN-R》FILL》ONS》-COD exists in Korean loanword phonology. Moreover, it is demonstrated that two possible actual forms are characterized by the ranking differences between violable constraints, and that overparsing is a reliable strategy for rescuing unsyllabifiable segments. This analysis shows how Optimality Theory works in loanword phonology.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/85997
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 30 Number 1/4 (1994)
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