S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 32 Number 1/4 (1996)
명사 파생의 문법화 연구-터ㅎ를 중심으로- : A Study of the Processes of Grammaticization in Korean Noun
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.32 No.1, pp. 101-135
- This paper intends to describe the processes of grammaticization of the Korean noun. 1 define grammaticization as the process whereby lexical items come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions. By studying grammaticization, there is a cline of grammaticality of the following type, content item> grammatical word> clitic> inflectional affix". It has as its leftmost component a lexical, or content, item and moves through stages of being syntactic (grammatical word, clitic) and finally morphological (inflectional affix). Firstly, in the case of the Korean noun, an independent noun spreads a dependent noun by semantic bleaching. Secondly, the dependent noun integrates with NP complement construction which includes a complementizer( -ni n/-i n/-i 1), dependent noun, and case marker or verb stem by reanalysis and analogy. Lastly, the integrated unit of syntactic structure components become a morphological grammatical element due to fusion and change of semantic function. Typically 1 dealt with the process where the independent noun ta becomes of the grammatical elements, preceding sentence ending. In this process the dependent noun ta (circumstance) in modern Korean diverged from the independent noun td(h) (a site) in middle Korean. Further the dependent noun td fused into complementizer( -i-l) and verb stem 1-. So this integrated NP complement construction -i-ltæ- functions as a modality marker (speakers intention) in present. In conclusion, this paper shows the tendency of grammaticization from syntactic construction to morphological constructions'.