S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 32 Number 1/4 (1996)
Patterns of Reinterpretation of Word Formation of Arabized Words
- Radwan S., Mahadin
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.32 No.2, pp. 327-349
- This article discusses morphological adaptation showing that the degree
of assimilation depends on several factors. It shows that certain morphological
elements or categories are more susceptible to adaptation than others.
For example, concrete lexical items, especially nouns, are more easily
integrated than abstracts and grammatical elements.
One of the most important processes which can be used to incorporate
newly introduced items is the simple derivation (small derivation); the
stem is modified by different kinds of affixation. In this process, the morphology
of the borrowed word is modeled according to the well-known Arabic
"?awzan" through what might be termed a proportional analogical
method of derivation or back formation.
Two main groups of borrowed words are recognized: The first group includes
words which can assimilate completely and become productive for
other derivations. Words in this class can be analysed into two discontinuous
morphemes (consonantal roots and vocalic patterns).
The other group includes borrowed words which cannot be integrated
completely because of their incompatibility with the structure of· the Arabic
language. Such words cannot be considered as composed of two discontinuous
morphemes; instead, the one continuous morpheme approach is
Finally, a suggestion is made to generalize the one continuous morpheme
analysis because it is more practical, less abstract, and more capable
of avoiding the many exceptions and unresolved problems in dealing
with borrowed words.