S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 32 Number 1/4 (1996)
Morphological Expression and Ordering in Korean and Japanese
- Peter, Sells
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.32 No.4, pp. 601-620
- This paper is concerned with three areas of Korean and Japanese
morpho-syntax in which an account based on Optimality Theory seems to
provide certain advantages of explanation and simplicity over previous accounts.
The areas discussed are : the interaction of the copula and genitive
marker with structural case markers and other 'final' nominal suffixes,
such as the topic marker; the Japanese prenominal morpheme -no, in its
alternations with -na and ø; and the competition between words and small
syntactic constructions, such as those involving adjectival nouns. The general
approach here leads to a view of the notion of 'economy of expression'
which is directly linked to the morphological forms of the language, as opposed
to some larger and perhaps less clearly motivated syntactic constructs.