S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 32 Number 1/4 (1996)
The Prosodic Conspiracy of English CiV Tensing
- Lee, Jae-Young
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.32 No.4, pp. 711-733
- I claim that conditions on syllable and foot structure conspire to induce
a complex chain reaction between the three vowels in the VCiV environment.
I propose a principled analysis of CiV Tensing, adopting the constraint-
based model of Optimality Theory framework (Prince and
Smolensky 1993), in which tensing results from the interaction between
the Onset constraint and the Foot-Form constraint.
The underlying representation VCiV presents vowel hiatus, which is prohibited
in the surface representation of English level 1 phonology. The
Onset constraint is satisfied in surface form by the insertion of a consonantal
position, which is filled by spreading of the IV melodeme, yielding
V.CL.y V. This structure incurs fewer violations of Dep than a competing
candidate with full C epenthesis; V.Ci. C V.