S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 38 Number 1/4 (2002)
형식동사 '이다'의 문법
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.38 No.3, pp. 879-905
- In this paper, I argue about the so-called Korean copula ida; firstly, it is neither a substantial verb nor an affix, but just a dummy verb which supports sentential modals as like do-support in English. Predication relationship in ida constructions is formed between Noun Phrases which constitute Small Clauses. Secondly, such syntactic and semantic properties of ida yield morphological and phonological dependency(i.e. palatalization) of it. Thirdly, anida that is the negation of ida can be analyzed to two parts in syntactic level: the negation adverb ani and the dummy verb ida. This explains why anida can license Negative polarity items.