Browse

Relative Clauses and Subject-drop in KSL Learners' Writing: Sentence Processing Approach

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus
Authors
Lee, Sun-Young
Issue Date
2005
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.41 No.2, pp. 405-435
Keywords
Korean relative clausesbranching directioncenter-embeddingpro-drop
Abstract
This paper investigates acquisition of Korean relative clauses by KSL (Korean as a Second language) learners, testing Keenan & Comrie's (1977)accessibility hierarchy of relativization and Wolfe-Quintero's (1998) two-tier
analysis of relative clauses. An analysis of KSL learners' free composition data revealed that KSL learners produced subject relative clauses more frequently than object relative clauses confirming the prediction of Keenan
and Comrie's relativization hierarchy. However, KSL learners produced more S-tier types (i.e., relative clauses modifying a subject of the main clause) than O-tier types (i.e., relative clauses modifying an object of the
main clause), which does not conform to the Wolfe-Quintero's accessibility hierarchy based on English data. Such tendency was found very similar to that of the native control group. The reason for this is ascribed to the
processing difficulty of center-embedding of the relative clauses. It is proposed that the S-tier is easy to process in a left-branching language like Korean while the O-tier is easy in a right-branching language like English. This is due to the avoidance of center-embedded structures which cause processing difficulty and reduce comprehensibility of the sentence. Several kinds of strategies to avoid center-embedding such as pro-drop, topicalization, and heavy pp shift were also suggested. The language users seem to try to find ways to reduce the processing load when they have to use complex structures such as relative clauses. This finding supports the perceptual difficulty hypothesis.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/86358
Files in This Item:
Appears in Collections:
Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 41 Number 1/4 (2005)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse