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Semantic Constraints on the Genitive Complements of Verbal Nouns in Korean*

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Authors
Jun, Jong Sup
Issue Date
2006
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.42 No.2, pp. 357-397
Keywords
casegenitive,verbal nounlight verb constructionanimacyspecificitydifferential object markingexceptional case marking
Abstract
The adnominal genitive is generally considered to be a purely syntactic case. Genitive complements of verbal nouns in the Korean light verb construction (=LVC), however, show that syntax alone cannot explain the entire distribution of genitive. In this paper, I argue that combined factors of animacy and specificity constrain the genitive assignment of LVC; i.e., inanimate arguments with specific semantic content allow genitive-marking more readily than animate non-specific arguments. The alternation between accusative and genitive on the complement NP correlates with case ellipsis of the object NP in Korean. Differential Object Marking between OBJ-Acc and OBJ-ø is also constrained by such factors as animacy and definiteness/specificity (Aissen 2003, H Lee 2005). The commonality between the genitive complement of LVC and OBJ-ø is that they are typical objects, and hence are not confusable with the subject arguments. The overall discussion leads to interesting consequences for the event-type structure and the view of UG.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/86408
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 42 Number 1/2 (2006)
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