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Asymmetrical Glide Patterns in American English:The Resolution of CiV vs. Cu V Sequences

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Authors
Baertsch, Karen
Issue Date
2008
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.44 No.2, pp. 223-240
Keywords
glidesAmerican Englishsyllabificationoptimality theoryonset clusters
Abstract
This paper presents an analysis of (American) English consonant-glide-vowel sequences, accounting for the asymmetry between [CjV] and [CwV] sequences from underlying /CiV/ and/CuV/, respectively. In underlying /CuV/ sequences, the high back vowel becomes part of an onset cluster (e.g. quote) and is subject to the restrictions imposed on other types of onset clusters. In underlying /CiV/ sequences, the high front vowel either coalesces with a following /u/ to form the diphthong [ju] as in cute or it forms a nucleus on its own with the second vowel parsed in a second syllable (i.e., Kyoto [ki.o.to]). The asymmetry is attributed to a preference for parsing high front vowels as peaks and high back vowels as margins where possible. An optimality theoretic analysis is developed which accounts for this asymmetry in the context of corresponding asymmetries in other areas of English phonology.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/86441
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 44 Number 1/2 (2008)
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