S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 45 Number 1/2 (2009)
The Syntax of Numeral Classifiers: A Small Clause inside a DP
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.45 No.2, pp. 203-230
- numeral classifiers ; small clauses ; predication ; predication ; numeral classifier floating ; nominal functional projections
- This paper presents a unified analysis of various numeral classifier constructions in Korean. Capitalizing on the idea that a small clause structure is embedded within a DP, four patterns of numeral classifier constructions will be shown to receive a straightforward account. Pattern I, where a noun host precedes its numeral classifier, represents a basic underlying structure. Pattern II, where a genitive-marked numeral classifier precedes the noun associate, is analyzed as being derived from Pattern I by inverting the numeral classifier prior to its host noun (i.e., predicate inversion). When it comes to Pattern III and Pattern IV, where a noun associate and its numeral classifier surface separated from each other but the former does not have the Case-marking on a numeral classifier while the latter does. I propose that the two nominal phrases are linked to each other by a trace and by a pro, respectively. The proposed account, coupled with the minimal set of nominal functional projections, dispenses with stipulations on movement, and argues for the DP-hypothesis in Korean.