S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 46 Number 1/2 (2010)
Modality in the Korean Suffix -keyss
- Koo, Myung-Chul; Lehmann, Christian
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.46 No.1, pp. 83-102
- modality of -keyss; volition; supposition; control of subject referent; speech act participant role of the subject; sentence type; modal origo; aspect; complex sentence
- The modal suffix -keyss has two contextually conditioned readings: In one set of contexts, it codes volition, in the complementary set of contexts, it codes a supposition. The study investigates the conditions under which the two readings appear and identifies four relevant semantic parameters: control of the subject, speech act participant role of the subject, sentence type and aspect. The suppositive meaning is the default, while the volitive reading appears only in a specific constellation of the values of these parameters, in which the notion of modal origo is of special relevance. The same rules apply if the clause marked by -keyss is a dependent clause.