Browse

Social and Adversarial Varieties of Democracy : Which One Produces Fewer Criminals?

Cited 0 time in Web of Science Cited 0 time in Scopus
Authors
Joshi, Devin K.
Issue Date
2012-12
Publisher
Institute for Social Development and Policy Research, Center for Social Sciences, Seoul National University
Citation
Development and Society, Vol.41 No.2, pp. 229-252
Keywords
Adversarial DemocracyCrimeDemocracyInequalitySocial DemocracyVarieties of Democracy
Abstract
This article explores the relationship between two prominent varieties of democracy and the size of a country's prison population. Theoretically, it proposes that social democracies increase social and economic equality which reduces both the "demand for crime" and the number of criminals. Adversarial democracies, on the other hand, generate higher levels of inequality and insecurity that lead to higher levels of crime. Utilizing a structured, focused comparison of Nordic social democracies and Anglo-American adversarial democracies complemented by cross-sectional multiple regression analysis of twenty industrialized democracies, I find empirical support for both of these conjectures. A major implication of this study is that states which choose parliamentary democracy, proportional representation elections, and a social democratic orientation may have a long-lasting positive impact on crime reduction by helping to remedy underlying structural causes of political, economic, and social inequality that give rise to criminal behavior.
ISSN
1598-8074
Language
English
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/10371/86766
Files in This Item:
Appears in Collections:
College of Social Sciences (사회과학대학)Institute for Social Development and Policy Research (사회발전연구소)Development and Society Development and Society Vol.41 No.1/2 (2012)
  • mendeley

Items in S-Space are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

Browse