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Vowel Length Change In LuGanda

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Authors
Kim, Gyung-Ran
Issue Date
2004
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.40 No.4, pp. 841-860
Keywords
LuGandavowel lengthening and shorteningnasal clustersgeminatesOTpositional faithfulness constraint
Abstract
This paper reviews the analysis of compensatory lengthening in LuGanda by Clements (1986) and reanalyses it in the framework of OT. First, the defects of Clements' analysis in CV-phonology are pointed out: inconsistent use of C and V slots in representing nasals and consonants, syllabification problems with word-initial nasal clusters and geminate consonants, and an extrinsic ordering of many rules in resolving vowel hiatus. These problems are shown to be eliminated by the interaction of faithfulness and markendness constraints. The first problem does not occur in our OT-based analysis at all. The second one is solved by the constraint ranking Mᴀx-C》 Mᴀx-μ, Coᴍᴩ. Vowel hiatus contexts are also resolved by the constraint ranking. Especially, the directionality of vowel deletion is decided by
constraints such as a contiguity constraint I-Coᴎᴛ[X, Rooᴛ] and a positional faithfulness constraint Mᴀx-Wi and by their position in the ranking. The former constraint is responsible for preserving the contiguity of a root and its immediately preceding segment, while the latter is for keeping word-initial segments, which are salient compared with their word-medial or word-final counterparts. Violability and strict domination of OT constraints are shown to be important in explaining the change in vowel length in LuGanda.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/90784
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 40 Number 1/4 (2004)
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