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Really as a Free-standing TCU in English Conversation

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Authors
Kim, Haeyeon
Issue Date
2004
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.40 No.4, pp. 861-883
Keywords
discourse markersreallyemphasizerrepairunassimilated informationsequence organization
Abstract
In recent discourse studies, there has been a great amount of interaction-based
research on discourse particles as a way of understanding meanings/functions in conversation. This research attempts to characterize really, which is used as a free-standing turn-constructional unit (TCU), by investigating its use in a range of interactional contexts from a discourse-pragmatic, interactional perspective. Really has been treated as an adverb or an exclamatory expression in traditional grammar, and a discourse marker in recent discourse studies. This research shows that the free-standing particle really can be better understood when considered in its interactional contexts, and that the exact meanings/functions should be considered in terms of interaction. It first investigates the distribution of grammatical properties of really through distribution/ frequency analysis, examining grammatical properties of really. Examination shows that the major function of really is to modify grammatical elements that follow it, such as adjectives, verbs, and adverbs, at the sentence level. This study also shows that the freestanding really functions as a newsmark, and that it is used to signal that
the information provided by the prior speaker is new and unassimilated into the knowledge system of the recipient. In such a context, the typical sequence that the free-standing really constitutes runs as follows: (i) news announcement, (ii) (oh) really, (iii) reconfirmation, and (iv) assessment, justification, or additional information. This exploration of properties of really shows the importance of the sequential organization of talk in characterizing discourse markers or reactive tokens.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/90785
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 40 Number 1/4 (2004)
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