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An Analysis of Korean Sentence-Ending Suffixes in Caregiver-Child Interaction

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Authors
Kim, Kyu-hyun; Suh, Kyung-Hee
Issue Date
2004
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.40 No.4, pp. 923-950
Keywords
sentence-ending suffixescaregiver-child interactionpedagogical activitiesstance markers
Abstract
In this paper, we analyze Korean sentence-ending suffixes (SESs) that are frequently used by the caregiver in caregiver-child interaction. Three SESs that are most frequently found in the data examined, -ci and its related form -cianha, and -ney, are analyzed in comparison with the 'unmarked' SES -a/e. Also included in the analysis are -tela and -(u)lkka, which are SESs often employed by the caregiver putatively as markers of self-inquiry. In caregiver-child interaction, the caregiver's use of -ci/-cianha indexes his/her trust that the child shares his/her commitment. -Ney is used when the caregiver formulates an explanation as something that s/he has fortuitously noticed. The caregiver's use of -ci/-cianha and -ney indexes an orientation toward downgrading his/her role as the expert vis-à-vis the child and positioning the child as a partner/facilitator co-participating in the given pedagogical activity, i.e., by evoking a shared domain of knowledge and experience (with -ci/-cianha) or by formulating a pedagogically motivated observation as something that the child can easily notice (with -ney). Indexing of a lapse in memory or lack of knowledge through the use of such SESs as -tela and -(u)lkka is also motivated toward designing the on-going pedagogical activity as a joint one in which the child is invited to co-participate as a competent partner. The tendency of -a/e utterances to be constitutive of a corrective action embedded in a side sequence is noted, which indexes the caregiver's orientation toward organizing pedagogical activities as a collaborative, joint practice by way of minimizing the extent to which the child's incompetence is highlighted.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/90787
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 40 Number 1/4 (2004)
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