S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 35 Number 1/4 (1999)
Minimal Word Structure and the Morphology-Phonology Mapping
- Han, Eunjoo
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.35 No.1, pp. 1-28
- This paper examines how prosodic domains are formed in Malayalam, Vedic and Japanese compounds. The three languages have the same pattern with regard to two-word compounds. However, they exhibit systematic differences with regard to compounds containing more than two elements. I propose that the prosodic differences can be accounted for by splitting the relevant constraints into constraints on word structure and constraints on prosodification, and ranking the two classes of constraints independently. It a and Mester's (1998) economy-based, minimal word structure is adopted for word structure assignment, and McCarthy and Prince's (1993) theory of Generalized Alignment for the morphology-phonology mapping. Malayalam and Vedic differ from Japanese in assigning word structure, specifically in the ranking between *Struc(Word) and *Struc(Stem); *Struc (Word) is ranked higher in Malayalam and Vedic, whereas *Struc(Stem) is ranked higher in Japanese. In contrast, in the morphology-phonology mapping, Vedic and Japanese are grouped together, isolating Malayalam. The difference results from the edge referred to in aligning the morphological word with the prosodic word. The left- edge al ignment plays a prominent role in Vedic and Japanese, while the right- edge alignment plays a comparable role in Malayalam.
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