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The Syntactic Status of de and the Internal Structure of de Constructions in Chinese

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Authors
Yang, Yongzhong
Issue Date
2014
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.50 No.1, pp. 121-157
Keywords
de constructionDP Hypothesishead theoryfunctional category
Abstract
This paper addresses some relevant explanations concerning de and de constructions in Chinese. Based on a detailed description of the main features of de, a novel analysis of the syntactic status of de and the internal structure of de constructions is proposed. It is argued that de, as a functional category, cannot be separated from the genitive constituent, and hence it cannot function as a head. In effect, the nature of de constructions is determined by the definite article, numerals or quantifiers and has nothing to do with de per se. De is a linking marker, which is used to connect the constituents preceding and following it, including the constituents with features of [+N] and [-V]. De can adjoin to the Spec or complement. As a consequence, in terms of structural segmentation, de should be segmented either with the Spec or with the complement, but it is only a clitic of the Spec or complement. Since de is not the head of de constructions, it cannot project as DeP.
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/91740
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 50 Number 1/3 (2014)
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