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Consonantal Coalescence in Affixation : English Class 1 Prefixation

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Authors
Ahn, Sang-Cheol
Issue Date
2000-12
Publisher
서울대학교 언어교육원
Citation
어학연구, Vol.36 No.4, pp. 905-930
Abstract
In this paper, I will investigate several cases of consonantal variation in English prefixation within Optimality Theory (McCarthy & Prince 1995). For this purpose, I will first show possible rule-based accounts on the consonantal variations in coN-prefixation and then point out several theoretical problems. Then, I will provide an optimality theoretic account on those allomorphs. In order words, I will show that our Optimality-theoretic approach is more advantageous than both segmental and nonlinear rule-based approaches in the account of segmental variation in affixation. Here I will argue that consonantal coalescence in very common in coN-prefixation in that all root-initial sonorants attract coalescence due to the faithfulness for root. I will also argue that certain prosodic considerations are necessary for a better account. This account on coN-prefixation will be extented to iN-prefixation since both cases share certain phonological similarities. During the discussion, however, it will be argued that despite many similarities, these two Class 2 prefixes are radically different in some ways and there should be a way to account for the difference. Moreover, as an additional evidence for my account, I will provide an account for co- realization of coN-before a vowel or /h/. Finally, I will conclude the paper by providing a theoretical implication of the overall discussion
ISSN
0254-4474
Language
English
URI
https://hdl.handle.net/10371/92329
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Language Education Institute (언어교육원)Language Research (어학연구)Language Research (어학연구) Volume 36 Number 1/4 (2000)
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