S-Space College of Medicine/School of Medicine (의과대학/대학원) Dept. of Medicine (의학과) The Seoul Journal of Medicine The Seoul Journal of Medicine Vol. 13 No.1 (1972)
1971년도 감염성 질환의 임상역학적 연구
Clinico-Epidcmiological Studies of the Bacterial Infections in 1971
- 차창용; 박혜경; 김동순; 조현숙; 이승훈
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 의과대학
- Seoul J Med, Vol.13 No.1, pp. 45-55
- The developments of appropriate antimicrobial
therapy and vaccination have recently brought
significant changes on the ecological patterns of
microbial diseases of man. It was considered worthwhile
to study the recent trends and present status
of microbial diseases in this country.
Thus the relative incidences and etiological relati
onships of bacterial species, the pattern of their
distributions on the age and sex , and of drug sensi
tivities among the strains were studied for the patients
of SNU Hospital from April to December in 1971.
The results might be summerized as follows;
1. Most stains of Staphylococcus aureus were pri
ncipally isolated from the patients with wound
infections, osteomyelitis, pneumonia and abscess,
and from pus and throat swabs as clinical specimens.
About 83% of strains were more susceptible to the
leucomycin than any other antibiotics used.
2. Alpha-hemolytic streptococci were mainly isolated
from the patients with pneumonia and bronchitis,
and from sputum and throat as clinical specimens.
92% of strains showed the susceptibility to the the
penicillin and the leucomycin , respectively.
3. High frequencies of the isolation of Diplococcus
pηeμ mon iae were showed in the patients with pneu
monia and bronchitis, and in such clinical specimens
as sputum and throat swab. The susceptible strains
to the penicillin and the chloramphenicol amounted
to 97% and 90%, respectively.
4. The strains of Escherichia coli were isolated
almost from the patients with urinary tract infection
, and mostly from urine and pus in the clinical
specimens. 62% of the strains were not only susceptible
to the neomycin but also 59% to the kanam
5. The isolated strains of Coliform bacilli were
closely related to the patients with wound infection
and urinary tract infection , and to such clinical
specimens as urine and pus. Frequencies of the susceptible
strain to the kanamycin and the neomycin
showed 72% and 62%, respectively.
6. High incidences of Pseudomonae aerμ:ogmosa
isolated were showed in the patients with wound
infection, abscess, pneumonia, urinary tract infection
and burn , and in clinical specimens such as pus ,
sputum and urine. 56% of the strains were susceptible
only to the colimycin.
7. Shigella group B were isolated only from the
patients with dysentery and diarrhea and mostly
from rectal swab in clinical specimens. 82% of the
strains were susceptible to the kanamycin , and also
74% to the neomycin.
8. Most strains of Salmoηella group D were
isolated only from the patients with F. U. O. and
typhoid fever , and in the clinical specimens from
blood and rectal swab. AIl of the strains isolated
were susceptible to the neomycin but only 75% to
9. The isolated strains of Klebsiella aerogenes were
closely related to the patients with urinary tract
infection, wound infection, pneumonia and abscess
and in the isolating specimens to urine , pus , sputurn
and throat swab. No more than 40% of the
strains were susceptible to both the kanamycin and
10. Significant conclusions can not be derived from
the distibution patterns of the isolated bacterial
species on the age and sex in this report.