S-Space Language Education Institute (언어교육원) Language Research (어학연구) Language Research (어학연구) Volume 50 Number 1/3 (2014)
L2 Syntax-Discourse Interface : Wh-Parameter and D-Linking
- Kang, Sang-Kyun
- Issue Date
- 서울대학교 언어교육원
- 어학연구, Vol.50 No.2, pp. 239-274
- A version of this study has been published in the Proceedings of the 13th Seoul
International Conference of Generative Grammar (SICOGG) and is also presented SICOGG in August 2011 and Second Language Research Forum (SLRF) in October 2011.
- In English, the Superiority Condition (Chomsky 1973) is overtly observed; in multiple wh-questions, the wh-phrase that is closest to SpecCP gets moved. But this condition is overridden by discourse-linking whichphrases (Pesetsky 1987) ; i.e., any one of the which-phrases can move to SpecCP. However, these phenomena are overt only in a wh-movement language such as English, but not in wh-in-situ languages such as Korean. For Koreans to learn the syntactic contrast in English, resetting the wh-parameter is crucial. By examining L2 acquisition of superiority and discourse-linking, this study tests the Interpretability Hypothesis and the Interface Hypothesis. 51 Korean ESL learners and 18 native English speakers participated. The results suggest the learners parameter resetting regardless of the uninterpretability of the target feature.